BIZET Georges (1838-1875)

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BIZET Georges (1838-1875)

MANUSCRIT MUSICAL autograph signed " Georges Bizet ", Overture by David Rizzio; title and 24 and a half pages in-fol. (34.5 x 27 cm) paginated 1-25, contemporary half red chagrin binding with title piece in gold lettering on red chagrin on the cover. (binding accidents).

Important unpublished musical manuscript by Bizet, very rare, orchestration by Bizet of the Overture to the opera David Rizzio by Hippolyte Rodrigues .
Hippolyte RODRIGUES (1812-1898), a wealthy stockbroker, also a lawyer, was also a writer and composer; he retired early enough to devote himself to writing and composing music, especially melodies and piano pieces, but also more ambitious works, such as this David Rizzio; he was also secretary of the Israelite Scientific-Literary Society. His sister Léonie had married the composer Fromental Halévy, Bizet's master.

Hippolyte Rodrigues was thus Geneviève Halévy's uncle, and witness of her marriage with Bizet on June 3, 1869; he lent the young couple his house in Saint-Gratien for their honeymoon.

Hippolyte Rodrigues gave in 1866 a first edition of the libretto of his opera David Rizzio; he published the piano-chant score (preceded by the libretto) of this opera in 4 acts (first designated as a lyric drama in 3 acts and 4 tableaux), words and music by Hippolyte Rodrigues, in a private edition in 1873 (Saint-Germain, impr. of Eugène Heutte); Bizet listed this score in the catalogue of his music library. David Rizzio (1533-1566) was the secretary (and lover?) of Marie Stuart; he was murdered by the jealous Lord Darnley (husband of the Queen of Scotland) and a conspiracy of Protestant nobles.

Bizet's manuscript is written in brown ink on 32-line paper, with 2 systems of 15 staves per page (except on the last page which has only one system).

The title page includes a first title: "Ouverture. / Jean-Jacques. "followed by the title written by Bizet: "Overture by / David Rizzio / composed by / Hippolyte Rodrigues / orchestrated by / George Bizet. "

The work has 431 measures. The orchestra includes: 2 flutes, 2 oboes, 2 clarinets in A, 2 bassoons, 2 horns in D, 2 horns in C, 2 pistons in A, 3 trombones, timpani, bass drum and cymbals, violins I and II, violas, cellos, double basses.

This Overture begins with an Allegretto moderato in B minor at 2/4 (25 bars); then, after a rallentendo, and a short Andante (10 bars, the last two, forgotten, are notated p. 4), comes an Allegretto (16 bars), followed by a reprise of the Andante, then a 2/2 Allegro (36 bars); this is followed by an Andantino in D minor at 2/4 (72 bars), then a short, slightly animated passage (14 bars) leads to an Allegretto in E major (79 bars) and then briefly in C (11 bars); the work ends with an Allegro in C minor at 2/2 (110 bars), then in D, passing after 4 bars in 2/4 to the end (46 bars). Catalogue Bizet MacDonald T56.

PROVENANCE
Musical Autographs Sale, Delorme & Collin du Bocage, 14 November 2008, No. 10.
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