Lot 20
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Estimation :
200000 - 220000 EUR
Result with fees
Result : 149 500EUR
In French, illuminated manuscript on paper Netherlands, probably Bruges, ca. 1470-1475. With a large miniature frontispiece, attributable to Loyset Liédet (active circa 1450-1475) or his workshop III + 267 ff, preceded by a ruled leaf and followed by 2 unruled blank leaves, complete manuscript (but one volume out of two; collation of the present manuscript: i4, ii-xvi12, xvii-xx10, xxi-xxiii12, xxiv10+1), old foliatation in red Roman numerals, some signatures (cI (f. 25); c4 (f; 28)), some claims partly trimmed short, on paper, with watermarks of the type (1) Briquet: "Ecu with a band charged with two cotices potences and counter-potences (coat of arms of Champagne)", close to Briquet no. 1039 (Troyes, 1464; Douai, 1465) and no. 1041 (Troyes, 1473; Sens 1480) - (2) Briquet, "Anchor surmounted by a cross", no. 392, Grammont, 1463; no. 386, Troyes, 1466; Burgundian bastard (two hands are distinguished (hand A, ff. 1-230v; hand B, ff. 231-267)), text on two columns (justification: 175 x 257 mm), ruling in pale red ink, visible pitting, headings in red, text scandalized by fly feet in red and blue, ini - tials painted in red or blue (2 lines high), large puzzle initials in red and blue with blue and red watermark decoration, initial painted in blue enhanced with white with floral decoration and scrolls on gold background (5 lines high) introducing the text, illuminated frontispiece with illuminated borders on reserved background, coat of arms painted in the lower border (Lalaing, lords of Montigny), large miniature in frontispiece (fol. 1). Bound in full havana glazed and speckled calf (XVIII th c.) on wooden aisles (elements of the original binding), spine with 5 nerves, triple fillets in the inter-nerve, red leather title-pieces with in gilt letters : " Histoire de Tristra (sic) dit le Bref (sic) " and "M.S.", coat of arms pushed to the center of the boards (some spotting, rubbed nerves, but good binding; paper restoration to the first endpaper (the whole lower half of the leaf), paper stained in places, paper missing from the following ff. following in the lower part of the leaves, without affecting the text: ff. 9-18 and ff. 252-264; tear to the paper of the frontispiece leaf at the bottom of the page, also small tear to leaf 2 at the bottom of the page, not serious; vertical fold to the miniature, not serious, colors intact and vivid). Dimensions : 276 x 385 mm. Manuscript offered to a prince of the court of Burgundy (Simon or Josse de Lalaing), on paper, a medium favored by the bibliophiles of the court of Burgundy for the realization of luxury illuminated manuscripts. This manuscript appears in the inventory of the manuscripts of Charles II count of Lalaing in 1541: "First volume of Tristan written by hand". PROVENANCE 1. Inscription in the upper margin of the first frontispiece leaf: "Lalaing" and the first name added by another hand "Jacques" (hands of the XVII th century?). If the coat of arms painted in the lower frame of the frontispiece is indeed that of a member of the house of Lalaing, it seems that the identification with Jacques de Lalaing (1421-1453) is erroneous. We note that the coat of arms is blazoned as follows: "Gules to ten lozenges of silver adjoined and abutted, three, three, three and one, broken on the first lozenge of a lioness of Gules". These are the arms of the Lalaing lords of Montigny. The branch of Montigny, which became the main branch in the 16th century, bore a lioness of gules on the first lozenge. The surbrisures were made by changing the color of the lionceau or by multiplying them (Josse de Lalaing during the lifetime of his father Simon). In view of the dates and the style of the decoration, it may be Simon de Lalaing (1405- 1476), lord of Montigny and Santes, provost of Valenciennes in 1429 and 1433, who married Jeanne de Gavre-Escornaix; or more probably their son Josse (or Jost) de Lalaing (1437-1483) who bought the lordship of Lalaing from his cousin Jean I, adviser and chamberlain to the duke of Burgundy, Charles le Téméraire. If one accepts a dating of circa 1470- 1475, the patron can be either Simon de Lalaing (then in his sixties), or Josse de Lalaing (then in his thirties). A few manuscripts are known to have been commissioned by Josse de Lalaing, including a book of hours copied for the Lalaing-de la Viefville couple (London, Quaritch, cat. 1931, no. 46, cf. the H. Wijsman database, CNRS/IRHT Telma, ref. 3774); also Roman de Thèbes, Roman de Troie, Cologny, Fondation Bodmer, 160 [provenance Gaignat et La Vallière]; cf. H. Wijsman database, CNRS/IRHT, Telma, ref. 1423. 2. Manuscript included in the inventory of Charles II, Count of Lalaing, drawn up in 1541: "Premier volume de Tristan escript à la main". It is interesting to note that only the first volume of the text was in the library
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