Lot 29
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Estimation :
800000 - 1200000 EUR
FLANDERS, WORKSHOPS OF THE CITY OF TOURNAI, EARLY 16th CENTURY Imperial Hunts and Voleries of the Emperor Maximilian I in the forest of Soignes Extremely rare and monumental tapestry in wool and silk. The Emperor Maximilian is represented hunting with horses, birds of prey and dogs, on his right his sister Cunegonde of Austria. We also recognize Bianca Maria Sforza, Philip of Habsburg, King of Castile, the Grand Faconnier of the Imperial Court (Frederick de Hornes or Aert Van Meeghien) Adrien de Longueval, Grand Veneur of the Imperial Court, Wolfgang von Polheim, Joan of Castile, known as Joan the Mad, Margaret of Habsburg, daughter of Maximilian and on the left, Albert IV Duke of Bavaria. All the characters evolving in a rich vegetal decoration representing the forest of Soignes, in the background the castle of Bouchout near Brussels. Flanders, workshops of the city of Tournai, early 16th century Height : 3,05 m - Width : 10,25 m (exceptional polychromy, cuts, restorations) PROVENANCE - Ordered on October 28, 1510 by Emperor Maximilian I (1459 - 1519) to the weaver Arnould Poissonnier for the sum of "1460 livres, 40 gros de Flandres per livre at 27 sous" probably for the gallery of the castle of Wels, Austria. Described as a "tapestry room for all things pleasant of hunting, vollerie and otherwise". [AD Nord, F. 197] - Antoine Coëffier then Coëffier-Ruzé, Marquis of Effiat, Superintendent of Finances of the Kingdom of France (1581 - 1632) for his castle of Effiat in Puy-de-Dôme. Before 1613. - His son : Henri Coëffier-Ruzé, marquis of Cinq-Mars, grand-écuyer of France (1620-1642), condemned to death for conspiracy against the cardinal of Richelieu in 1642. - Bought by the brother of the preceding one during the sale of his furniture on April 20, 1643, described as "another tapestry of Gobelins of high smoothness representing the Hunting of the king François containing eight pieces heightened of silk furnished with canvas of three aulnes of hault or approximately on twenty five of court taken thousand livres delivered to the lord abbot of Effiat for the sum of twelve hundred and fifty livres tournois". - Inventoried in the castle of Effiat in 1698 after the death of the abbot Charles-Jean Coëffier, abbot of the Mont Saint-Michel (1622 - 1698) described as "Hunting of François I". - John Law de Lauriston (1671 - 1729), well known economist, Marquis of Effiat, forced to sell by his creditors. - Gabriel François de Rehez de Sampigny (1697 - 1776), created Marquis of Effiat. - His son : François Charles de Rehez de Sampigny, marquis of Effiat (1736 - 1814) - His granddaughter : Sidonie Gabrielle Catherine de Rehez de Sampigny (1804 - 1874) who sold Effiat in 1847 to Jean Boucard who, after having started to partially destroy the castle, undertook to sell the furniture. - Acquired between 1848 and 1853 during the sales of the collections of the castle of Effiat in Auvergne by Pierre-Edmond Teisserenc de Bort (1814 - 1892), French ambassador in Vienna between February 1879 and April 1880. - Classified as a Historic Monument (classification order of June 16, 1942) - By descent to this day. BIBLIOGRAPHY - Paul Lacroix, Les Arts au Moyen-âge et l'époque de la Renaissance, Paris, 1869. p. 48, fig. 26, reproduced (partially). - Eugène Müntz, Histoire générale de la tapisserie - Troisième partie, Paris, 1878. p. 78. The tapestry which we present, although immense, represents in fact only one tenth of the initial hanging of which the essential is lost today. This original hanging, commissioned by Emperor Maximilian I, was initially more than 100 m long and must have required nearly 10 years of work. Jules Guiffrey reports in his work on the history of the tapestry that it was paid by Emperor Maximilian I to the weaver merchant Arnold Poissonnier de Tournais with two other hangings: "eight pieces of the Triumph of Julius César, to be used in room [...] - a history of people and saved beasts in the manner of Calculus, being used for a room [...] another room of tapestries of all things of hunting, vollerie and otherwise, containing IJ IIIJ XIX aulnes and for six benches of the same kind ". The whole forming a total of 1081 aunes and half which cost the sum of 1460 livres, of 40 gros de Flandre the pound. This hanging was probably to furnish the gallery of the castle.
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